A farmer wants to shift his agricultural land for certain reason and hence he sold his old agricultural land and from the sale proceeds he purchased another agricultural land. In this case the objective of the seller was not to earn income by sale of old land but was to shift to another land. If in this case, the seller was liable to pay income-tax on capital gains arising on sale of old land, then it would be a hardship on him. Section 54B gives relief from such a hardship. Section 54B gives relief to a taxpayer who sells his agricultural land and from the sale proceeds he acquires another agricultural land. The detailed provisions in this regard are discussed in this part.